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The Order of the Teutonic Knights of St.
Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190-2017
The German Order of the Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem
Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  " Helfen - Wehren - Heilen "  File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg " Help - Defend - HealFile:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg

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Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014 LivonianOrder-TeutonicKnights.jpg Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014

The Livonian Order of Teutonic Knights
 
The Livonian Order was an autonomous Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order and a member of the Livonian Confederation from 1435-1561. After being defeated by Samogitians in the 1236 Battle of Schaulen (Saule), the remnants of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword were incorporated into the Teutonic Knights and became known as the Livonian Order in 1237. Between 1237 and 1290, the Livonian Order conquered all of Courland, Livonia, and Semigallia, but the Order's attempts to invade the neighboring Novgorod Republic were unsuccessful and its army was eventually defeated in the Battle of Rakvere (1268). In 1346, the Order bought the Duchy of Estonia from King Valdemar IV of Denmark. Life within the Order's territory is described in the Chronicle of Balthasar Russow (Chronica der Provinz Lyfflandt).
 
File:LivonianOrderArmor.jpg 
The Body Armor used by the
Knights of The Livonian Order  

The Teutonic Order fell into decline following its defeat in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410 and the secularization of its Prussian territories by Albert of Brandenburg in 1525, but the Livonian Order managed to maintain an independent existence. The Livonian Order's defeat in the Battle of Swienta (Pabaiskas) on September 1, 1435, which claimed the lives of the master and several high ranking knights, brought the order closer to its neighbors in Livonia. The Livonian Confederation agreement (eiine fruntliche eyntracht) was signed in Walk on December 4. 1435 by the archbishop of Riga, the bishops of Courland, Dorpat, Ösel-Wiek and Reval; the representatives of the Livonan Order and vassals, and the deputies of Riga, Reval and Dorpat city municipal councils.

File:Baltic coat of arms.svg  File:LivonianOrder.svg  File:Baltic coat of arms.svg     

The Masters of The Livonian Order

The Livonian Master like the grandmaster of the Teutonic Order was elected by his fellow knights for a lifetime term. The grandmaster exercised supervisory powers and his advice was considered equal to a command. The grandmaster of Teutonic knights did not limit local autonomy, he rarely visited Livonia or sent ambassadors for oversight.

  • Hermann Balk 1237-38
  • Dietrich von Grüningen 1238-42
  • Dietrich von Grüningen 1244-46
  • Andreas von Stierland 1248-53
  • Anno von Sangershausen 1253-56
  • Burchard von Hornhausen 1256-60
  • Werner von Breithausen 1261-63
  • Konrad von Mandern 1263-66
  • Otto von Lutterberg 1266-70
  • Walther von Nortecken 1270-73
  • Ernst von Rassburg 1273-79
  • Konrad von Feuchtwangen 1279-81
  • Wilken von Endorp 1281-87
  • Konrad von Herzogenstein 1288-90
  • Halt von Hohembach -1293
  • Heinrich von Dinkelaghe 1295-96
  • Bruno 1296-98
  • Gottfried von Rogga 1298-1307
  • Conrad von Jocke 1309-22
  • Johannes Ungenade 1322-24
  • Reimar Hane 1324-28
  • Everhard von Monheim 1328-40
  • Burchard von Dreileben 1340-45
  • Goswin von Hercke 1345-59
  • Arnold von Vietinghof 1359-64
  • Wilhelm von Vrymersheim 1364-85
  • R. von Eltz 1385-89
  • Wennemar Hasenkamp von Brüggeneye 1389-1401
  • Konrad von Vietinghof 1401-13
  • Diderick Tork 1413-15
  • Siegfried Lander von Spanheim 1415-24
  • Zisse von Rutenberg 1424-33
  • Franco Kerskorff 1433-35
  • Heinrich von Bockenvorde 1435-37
  • H. Vinke von Overbergen 1438-50
  • Johann Osthoff von Mengede 1450-69
  • Johann Wolthuss von Herse 1470-71
  • Bernd von der Borch 1471-83
  • Johann Fridach von Loringhofe 1483-94
  • Wolter von Plettenberg 1494-1535
  • Hermann Hasenkamp von Brüggeneye 1535-49
  • Johann von der Recke 1549-51
  • Heinrich von Galen 1551-57
  • Johann Wilhelm von Fürstenberg 1557-59
  • Godert (Gotthard) Kettler 1559-61