Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg hochmeisterarmsteutonic.png Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
The Order of the Teutonic Knights of St.
Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190-2020
The German Order of the Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem
Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  " Helfen - Wehren - Heilen "  File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg " Help - Defend - HealFile:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg

Teutonic Order - HomepageHistory of the Teutonic OrderRule and Statutes of the Teutonic OrderMembership of the Teutonic OrdenInternational Bailiwicks and Commanderies of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic OrderAdministrative StructureChronicon terrae PrussiaePeter of DusburgKingdom of JerusalemAssizes of JerusalemHaute Cour of JerusalemOfficers of the Kingdom of JerusalemVassals of the Kingdom of JerusalemKnights TemplarReligious Military OrdersJesus ChristSaint MaryRosary of the Virgin MaryMarian Cross - Teutonic OrderCatholic PrayersTeutonic ShopMembership StructureTeutonic BrigadeTeutonic Brigade - Command and RanksLivonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian OrderLivonian ChronicleLandmeister in LivlandLandmeister of PrussiaHermann BalkDietrich von GruningenAnno von SangershausenOtto von LutterbergErnst von RatzeburgJohann Osthoff von MengedeJohann Freytag von LoringhovenWolter von PlettenbergGotthard KettlerOrder of DobrzynTeutonic EventsTeutonic StateDuchy of EstoniaTeutonic ChurchStephansdomTeutonic SaintsSaint Elisabeth of HungarySaint GeorgeBad MergentheimSchloss MergentheimDeutschordenskommendeMalbork CastleCastles - Teutonic OrderHermann CastleAlden Biesen CastleBran CastleBalga CastleBytow CastleBauska CastleKonigsberg CastleMontfort CastleRiga CastleOrdensburgBattle of GrunwaldBanners in the Battle of GrunwaldBattle of KoronowoSiege of DamiettaSiege of MarienburgBattle of the IcePrussian UprisingsBattle of La ForbieTreaty of ChristburgBattle of KrückenBattle of DurbeBattle of PokarwisSiege of KönigsbergBattle of LöbauSiege of BartensteinBattle of PagastinBattle of AizkraukleMilan uprising - 1311Siege of ChristmemelBattle of MedininkaiBattle of Saint GeorgeBattle of PlowceBattle of PyzdryBattle of LegnicaBattle of RudauBattle of the Siritsa RiverBattle of StrevaBattle of the Vorskla RiverBattle of Vistula LagoonBattle of ChojniceBattle of SwiecinoTeutonic BattlesPrussian CrusadeLivonian CrusadeWendish CrusadeTeutonic RegaliaCoats of Arms of Knights of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic DocumentsArms of HochmeistersPortraits - OnePortraits - TwoPortraits - ThreePortraits - FourOrders CompositionTeutonic CoinsHochmeisters of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic Grand CommandersTeutonic MarshalsMaster SibrandHeinrich von BassenheimOtto von KerpenHeinrich von TunnaHermann von SalzaKonrad von ThuringenGerhard von MalbergHeinrich von HohenloheGunther von WullerslebenPoppo von OsternaAnno von SangershausenHartmann von HeldrungenBurchard von SchwandenKonrad von FeuchtwangenGottfried von HohenloheSiegfried von FeuchtwangenKarl von TrierWerner von OrselnLuther von BraunschweigDietrich von AltenburgLudolf Konig von WattzauHeinrich DusemerWinrich von KniprodeKonrad Zollner von RothensteinKonrad von WallenrodeKonrad von JungingenUlrich von JungingenHeinrich von PlauenMichael Kuchmeister von SternbergPaul von RusdorfKonrad von ErlichshausenLudwig von ErlichshausenHeinrich Reuß von PlauenHeinrich Reffle von RichtenbergMartin Truchseß von WetzhausenJohann von TiefenDuke Frederick of SaxonyDuke Albert of PrussiaArchduke Maximilian of AustriaArchduke Eugen of AustriaArchduke Wilhelm Franz of AustriaArchduke Anton Victor of AustriaArchduke Charles, Duke of TeschenArchduke Maximilian Francis of AustriaPrince Charles Alexander of LorraineClemens August of BavariaCount Francis Louis of NeuburgLudwig Anton von Pfalz-NeuburgJohann Caspar von AmpringenArchduke Charles Joseph of AustriaArchduke Leopold Wilhelm of AustriaJohann Kaspar von StadionJohann Eustach von WesternachCharles of Austria, Bishop of WroclawMaximilian III, Archduke of AustriaHeinrich von BobenhausenGeorg Hundt von WeckheimWolfgang SchutzbarWalter von CronbergNorbert KleinPaul HeiderRobert Johann SchalzkyMarian TumlerIldefons PaulerArnold Othmar WielandBruno PlatterFrank BayardPrince Karl of GermanyHonorary KnightsKonrad AdenauerCarl Duke of WurttembergFranz Joseph of LiechtensteinKarl von HabsburgOtto von HabsburgJoachim MeisnerPhilipp Albrecht Duke of WurttembergChristoph SchonbornKnights Grand CrossKnights of HonourMarian KnightsKnights of the Livonian CrossOrder of The Iron CrossKnights of The Iron CrossOrder of The Pour le MériteKnights of The Pour le MériteGrand Bailiwick of the United States of AmericaGrand Bailiwick of GermanyGrand Bailiwick of JerusalemGrand Bailiwick of South AmericaGrand Bailiwick of North AmericaBailiwick of KönigsbergBailiwick of RomeBailiwick of ApuliaBailiwick of AustriaBailiwick of WestfaliaBailiwick of FranconiaBailiwick of HesseBailiwick of LombardyBailiwick of KoblenzBailiwick of SicilyBailiwick of ThuringiaBailiwick of SaxoniaBailiwick of SwabiaBailiwick of LorraineBailiwick of Puerto RicoAncient Teutonic BailiwicksBailiwick of UtrechtDuitse HuisJacob van AmerongenUnico van WassenaerCommandery of FranceCommandery of SpainCommandery of ItalyCommandery of PortugalCommandery of BrazilCommandery of AustraliaCommandery of CanadaCommandery of the Holy SeeCommandery of SwedenCommandery of NorwayKnights of the Teutonic OrderGermanic PeopleTeutons - Teutones - TeutoniTheodiscusTeutonic BishopsTeutonic ParishesPope FrancisPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul IIList of PopesLinks - OneLinks - TwoCharity LinksGerman WebsitesGerman Websites

 

Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014  LivonianOrder-TeutonicKnights.jpg  Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014

The Landmeister in Livland
 
 Landmeister in Livland was a high office in the Teutonic Order. The Landmeister administered the Livonia of the Teutonic Order. These lands had fallen to the Teutonic Order in 1237 by the incorporation of the former Livonian Brothers of the Sword. The seat of the Landmeister was castle Wenden. The Landmaster's function in Livonia lasted until 1561, when in aftermath of Livonian War the last Landmeister Gotthard Kettler relinquished the northern parts of the Mastery and in the Union of Vilna secularized the part still left to him and, as the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, took fief from the Polish king and Grand Duke of Lithuania Sigismund II Augustus. The non-recognition of this act by Pope, Holy Roman Empire and the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order had no factual effect.
 
Cesis_Latvia.jpg

History

The office of the Livonian Landmaster was the successor to the Lord Master of the Order of the Sword Brothers. With the integration of the remains of the Order of the Sword Brothers in 1236 in the aftermath of the Battle of Saule into the Teutonic Order, the land master of Prussia, Hermann Balk, in 1237 in personal union for the first time took over position of the Landmeister in Livland. It was also decided that this procedure should remain the exception of the rule in the future. Owing to the geographical distance between Livonia and Prussia, as well as regional peculiarities in governing the country, Landmeister, elected by the Livonian General Chapter and confirmed only by the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, has always maintained a degree of autonomy within the State of the Teutonic Order.

CesuPils.jpg

Although from 1309 to 1525 the relocation of the seat of the Grand Master to the Marienburg or to Königsberg is also the center of religious rule in the relatively near Prussia was the masterpiece Livonia always politically and militarily retained a special status and was often referred to as Livonian Order. In Livonia existed, in contrast to Prussia, a division of the spheres of influence between the religious power and various autonomous bishoprics. This unusual power constellation was based on the Order of the Sword Brothers heritage. In addition came the different origin of the cadres of the both branches of the Order: while in Prussia predominantly Central and West German religious ruled, the corps of the Livonian Order branch recruited predominantly from North German and Danish knights. This reflected the country's attachment to the traditions of forcible proselytizing of Livonians and Estonians at the beginning of the 13th century: Christianity spread in the northern Baltic through pre-Hanseatic sea connections from bases such as Lübeck and the Danish Zealand.

Landmeister_in_Livland.jpg

Coordinated activities of both branches in the war against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania remained the exception in view of this constellation. An outstanding example is the absence of the entire Livonian Order in the decisive campaign of 1410, which led to the catastrophe in the Battle of Tannenberg. The Livonian Landmeister Conrad von Vytinghove relied on a truce agreed with the Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas. The most important landlord in Livonia was Wolter von Plettenberg (1494-1535) due to his victory over the invasion army of the Russian Grand Duke Ivan III. In 1503 and his pragmatic approach to the introduction of the Reformation in Livonia. He himself, like his successors until 1561, remained Catholic even after the Reformation, but under him the Reformation prevailed in Livonia among Baltic Germans, Estonians and Latvians. The Protestant faith has survived to this day in Estonia and Latvia.