Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg hochmeisterarmsteutonic.png Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
The Order of the Teutonic Knights of St.
Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190-2017
The German Order of the Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem
Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  " Helfen - Wehren - Heilen "  File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg " Help - Defend -HealFile:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg

Teutonic Order - HomepageHistory of the Teutonic OrderRule and Statutes of the Teutonic OrderMembership of the Teutonic OrdenInternational Bailiwicks and Commanderies of the Teutonic OrderJesus ChristSaint MaryRosary of the Virgin MaryMarian Cross - Teutonic OrderCatholic PrayersTeutonic ShopMembership StructureTeutonic BrigadeTeutonic Brigade - Command and RanksLivonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian OrderOrder of DobrzynTeutonic EventsTeutonic StateDuchy of EstoniaTeutonic ChurchTeutonic SaintsSaint Elisabeth of HungarySaint GeorgeDeutschordenskommendeMalbork CastleTeutonic CastlesBattle of GrunwaldBattle of the IcePrussian UprisingsTreaty of ChristburgBattle of KrückenBattle of DurbeSiege of KönigsbergBattle of LöbauSiege of BartensteinBattle of PagastinBattle of AizkraukleBattle of PlowceTeutonic BattlesTeutonic RegaliaCoats of Arms of Knights of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic DocumentsTeutonic ArmsPortraits - OnePortraits - TwoOrders CompositionTeutonic CoinsTeutonic HochmeistersTeutonic Grand CommandersTeutonic MarshalsMaster SibrandHeinrich von BassenheimOtto von KerpenHeinrich von TunnaHermann von SalzaKonrad von ThuringenGerhard von MalbergHeinrich von HohenloheGunther von WullerslebenPoppo von OsternaAnno von SangershausenHartmann von HeldrungenBurchard von SchwandenKonrad von FeuchtwangenGottfried von HohenloheSiegfried von FeuchtwangenKarl von TrierWerner von OrselnLuther von BraunschweigDietrich von AltenburgLudolf Konig von WattzauHeinrich DusemerWinrich von KniprodeKonrad Zollner von RothensteinKonrad von WallenrodeKonrad von JungingenUlrich von JungingenHeinrich von PlauenMichael Kuchmeister von SternbergPaul von RusdorfKonrad von ErlichshausenLudwig von ErlichshausenHeinrich Reuß von PlauenHeinrich Reffle von RichtenbergMartin Truchseß von WetzhausenJohann von TiefenDuke Frederick of SaxonyDuke Albert of PrussiaArchduke Maximilian of AustriaArchduke Eugen of AustriaArchduke Wilhelm Franz of AustriaArchduke Anton Victor of AustriaArchduke Charles, Duke of TeschenArchduke Maximilian Francis of AustriaPrince Charles Alexander of LorraineClemens August of BavariaCount Francis Louis of NeuburgLudwig Anton von Pfalz-NeuburgJohann Caspar von AmpringenArchduke Charles Joseph of AustriaArchduke Leopold Wilhelm of AustriaJohann Kaspar von StadionJohann Eustach von WesternachCharles of Austria, Bishop of WroclawMaximilian III, Archduke of AustriaHeinrich von BobenhausenGeorg Hundt von WeckheimWolfgang SchutzbarWalter von CronbergNorbert KleinPaul HeiderRobert Johann SchalzkyMarian TumlerIldefons PaulerArnold Othmar WielandBruno PlatterPrince Karl of GermanyKnights Grand CrossKnights of HonourMarian KnightsKnights of the Livonian CrossOrder of The Iron CrossKnights of The Iron CrossOrder of The Pour le MériteKnights of The Pour le MériteGrand Bailiwick of the United States of AmericaGrand Bailiwick of GermanyGrand Bailiwick of JerusalemGrand Bailiwick of South AmericaGrand Bailiwick of North AmericaBailiwick of KönigsbergBailiwick of RomeBailiwick of ApuliaBailiwick of AustriaBailiwick of WestfaliaBailiwick of FranconiaBailiwick of HesseBailiwick of LombardyBailiwick of KoblenzBailiwick of SicilyBailiwick of ThuringiaBailiwick of SaxoniaBailiwick of SwabiaBailiwick of LorraineBailiwick of Puerto RicoAncient Teutonic BailiwicksBailiwick of UtrechtCommandery of FranceCommandery of SpainCommandery of ItalyCommandery of PortugalCommandery of BrazilCommandery of AustraliaCommandery of CanadaCommandery of the Holy SeeCommandery of SwedenCommandery of NorwayKnights of the Teutonic OrderGermanic PeopleTeutonic BishopsTeutonic ParishesPope FrancisPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul IIList of PopesLinks - OneLinks - TwoCharity LinksGerman WebsitesGerman Websites


 
Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014      Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014
 
Hochmeister Konrad von Wallenrode
 
Konrad von Wallenrode (c. 1330s – 23 July 1393) was the 24th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1391 to 1393. Modern sources are friendly towards Konrad, although they claim he was hot-blooded, proud, and had tendencies to be cruel. Konrad was the inspiration for Adam Mickiewicz's poem Konrad WallenrodKonrad came from a family with a rich knightly tradition that had its roots in Franconia. He joined the Teutonic Order ca. 1370. Grand Master Winrich von Kniprode named him Komtur of Schlochau (Człuchów) in 1377, but his real career did not begin until Conrad Zöllner von Rothenstein became Grand Master in 1382. After the death of Kuno von Hattenstein, Konrad became Grand Marshal and Komtur of Königsberg. He was chiefly tasked with organizing crusades against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and became quite adept at it. He became Komtur of Marienburg (Malbork) and Grosskomtur of the Teutonic Order in 1387. Zöllner died in 1390, and it seemed only a matter of time before Konrad would become the next Grand Master. However, he encountered great opposition from Walrabe von Scharffenberg, Komtur of Danzig (Gdańsk). It was not until August 20, 1391, that Wallenrode became grand master, thanks to the support of two electors, Siegfried Walpot von Bassenheim and Rüdiger von Elner, the Komturs of Elbing (Elbląg) and Tuchel (Tuchola), respectively.
 
 Konrad_von_Wallenrode.jpg
 
 Konrad's two-year rule was filled with campaigns against Lithuania. He was against the Polish-Lithuanian Union, which he tried to dissolve. Konrad began a campaign against Lithuania in 1392 and split his army into three divisions. The first one, under command of Arnold von Burgeln, Komtur of Balga, headed for Masovia. The other two divisions, under the command of Konrad and Grand Marshal Engelhard Rabe von Wildstein, headed for Vilnius. They were close to capturing Vilnius, which was defended by Polish knights, but retreated as a result of a scandal caused by the grand master. Von Wildstein was a great commander and a tactician with the respect of his soldiers, but he was relieved of his duties as grand marshal by Konrad. The reason is not completely known, but it is widely believed that the grand master was jealous of von Wildstein's success. Nonetheless, this caused a revolt between most of the knights who stood behind von Wildstein. Despite this, Konrad did not change his decision and the campaign was abandoned. This helped von Wallenrode to clean up dissent in the order, especially in the Lower Prussian Komturships of Balga, Brandenburg, and Ragnit that were under supremacy of the grand marshal.
 
Wallenrode-arms-hochmeister.jpg 

In 1392 Duke Władysław Opolski offered Konrad a partition of Poland with the Holy Roman Empire, the Teutonic Knights, Brandenburg, Hungary, and the Silesian dukes all taking part of it, but the grand master rejected it. The same year he started another military action against Lithuania with guest crusaders, including Henry of Derby, the future King Henry IV of England. Dutch and French knights under Konrad's command attacked Gardinas, leading Vytautas to call a peace conference in Thorn (Toruń). Ten days into the conference, however, Konrad died on 23 July 1393, probably of apoplexy. During his reign, he led active economic and colonization actions in Prussia. He settled vast tracts of land with German colonists and built two castles, Gotteswerder and Mittenburg. In 1393 he created a new komturship in Rhein (Ryn); its first komtur was his brother Friedrich von Wallenrode, a later Komtur of Mewe (Gniew), Strasburg (Brodnica) and the Grand Marshal of Königsberg who died in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410. Another relative of Konrad was Johann von Wallenrode, the Archbishop of Riga between 1393–1416.